India’s online community has been growing in size since 1995 when the state-owned company Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited company made internet access available to the public throughout India.
There are many people around India who regularly use the internet for various purposes, and that number is rapidly growing. There will be a need for the country to be capable of managing the growth of the online world as time moves along.
Internet Users In India 2021
The most noteworthy statistic about internet users in India is that there are more people in India getting online than ever before. It is estimated that about 560 million people in India have regular online access. This is less than half of the 1.35 billion people who live in India, but it is still second behind China over the number of people who are online.
What’s more intriguing is that there are more people online now than there were years earlier. In 2000, there were about 5 million people in India who were online. That number has risen to 560 million in 2020, which is an 11,100 percent increase. Only Bangladesh, Nigeria, Vietnam, and Iran have taken in increases close to that total.
Who’s Using the Internet?
There are many things surrounding internet usage in India worth seeing:
- About 80 percent of people in India who online have broadband access versus narrowband access.
- Wireless internet connections are popular, but there are still around 20 million people in India who use wired links.
- About a quarter of all rural parts in India have online access. It is easier for people to get online when in urban areas.
- Some people still use dial-up modems. People aren’t able to get speeds faster than 56 Kbps, though, as dial-up modems can only handle so much data at a time.
What Is the Wireless Setup Like?
4G connections are used throughout many parts of the country. The 4G standard has proven to be popular for how stable it is and for how quickly people can get online with it. But the potential for a 5G connection to work will be important to see based on how people might use this regularly.
Who Provides Services?
There is an extensive variety of companies around India that offer great services for people around India. The companies that offer services around India include the following:
- BSNL provides wired connections to people around India. About 10 million customers are regularly serviced by BSNL.
- Jio provides broadband services to more people around the country. There are more than 120 million customers in Jio’s system.
- Airtel India and Vodafone also provide broadband services to about 100 million people each. BSNL has 30 million customers to go with its wired links.
- Airtel serves more narrowband customers as well. Airtel has about 30 million narrowband customers.
The interesting thing about online services throughout India is that there are about 300 internet service providers around India. There are more than enough choices for people to consider when looking for quality online services that they can trust.
The ecommerce industry has grown throughout India thanks to the extended number of providers that offer services here. The ecommerce industry has grown to more than $40 billion and is expected to rise to $200 billion in the next five years.
About 150 million consumers in India have purchased items through online commerce sites. These places provide people with access to various appealing items of note, although the potential for consumers to get even more items while online is worth exploring.
Shutdowns Are Concerns
The greatest problem with online access in India is that it is often easy for online connections to be shut down. The immense population of India and the growth of the economy make it hard for people to get online at times.
It is estimated that from January 2016 to May 2018, there were about 154 online shutdowns that impacted India. The shutdowns were often caused by networks being overwhelmed or weather conditions harming the ongoing connections used around the country.
The concerning point about this is that the 154 shutdowns was by far the greatest total throughout the world. Pakistan had 19 shutdowns, while Iraq and Syria had eight each. Other countries that had regular shutdowns were ones where the infrastructure isn’t as well established. These include places like Syria, Turkey, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, and Iran.
There are worries in India about how speeds are being maintained by many online providers. Speeds of 10 Mbps or greater are likely to work in larger cities around the country. Slower speeds at 4 Mbps will occur in some of the smaller cities, not to mention many of the rural areas all around. It will be interesting to see how the country’s infrastructure changes to meet up with many of these unique needs.
Censorship is a problem that has impacted many people around India. Federal and state governments are responsible for operating many censorship activities around India.
There are not many concerns over how content is limited, but there are regular violations of user rights on many sites. These violations often make it harder for people to access certain bits of content that they want to utilize.
The Growth of Data Centres
There are many data centres situated throughout India as well. These data centres provide people around India with access to all the online signals they might be interested in.
IBM Global Data Center Map with Chennai India presence.
Google Cloud, Amazon Web Services, Reliance, Netmagic, Airlive, and BSNL all have large-scale data centres in India. These sites are critical for maintaining operations in many forms.
What Can Be Said Here?
The most noteworthy aspect of online access in India is that the country is growing and will continue to have plenty of new options for getting online. The potential for there to be more online users in India will be something to note as well. But the growth of the Indian population and the struggles that the local infrastructure may have could be a concern for many to watch for.